“Editorialists are often elevated to the Senate, but not caricaturists.”                 The Hecklers: 231.

“Jacob” and “Passepoil” were pen-names sometimes used by Bourgeois early in his career.

Born November 29 1876 in Montréal, he studied at l’Ecole des Beaux-Arts.

He moved to Boston around the turn of the century and was hired by the Boston Post in 1902. There he created the comic strip The Education of Annie. In addition he painted sets for the Grand Opera.

He returned to Montréal in 1904 at the invitation of Israël Tate, to work for La Patrie, where he created the cartoon strip “Les Aventures de Timothée”. See TIMOTHÉE [LES AVENTURES DE]. He moved over to La Presse one year later an association that was to last close to fifty years. He was the first Quebec cartoonist to make a consistent living from the relatively new occuption of political cartooning in the French language press. He created a traditional rural French Canadian couple, Baptiste and Catherine, whom he used in his cartoons to reflect his own opinions about current events. His reputation grew, and he became a household word in Quebec.

He created other cartoon characters for La Presse, “Zidore” See ZIDORE, “Toinon” See TOINON [LES AVENTURES DE], and “Pitou et son Gand-Papa”, Les Fables du parc Lafontaine, “Histoire du Canada pors les enfants, to name a few, but his most famous character was one he did not create. Père Ladébauche, See LADÉBAUCHE [LE PÈRE] was created in 1879 by the Hector Berthelot. Introduced to La Presse on March 5, 1904 by J. Charlebois, it was only when Albéric Bourgeois took it over on February 11, 1905 that it achieved its popularity.

Bourgeois was also respected as a talented writer, creating popular cabarets and several radio scripts, where he sometimes used his cartoon characters as in the case of the cabaret En Roulant Ma Boule where he used Baptiste and Catherine .

He died 17 November1962 in Montréal.



Cover & Content:


Albéric Bourgeois caricaturiste, Robidoux, Léon-A, éditeur, VLB Éditeur/ Ville Saint-Michel: Médiabec Inc., 1978.





Front & Back: Les voyages de Ladébauche autour du monde. A & N Pelletier/La Presse, no date.

Wraparound: Les voyages de Ladebauche autour du monde. VLB Éditeur, 1982.



Les voyages de Ladébauche autour du monde. A & N Pelletier/La Presse, no date.

Les voyages de Ladebauche autour du monde. VLB Éditeur, 1982.


Serial graphic:

Les voyages de Ladebauche autour du monde. La Presse, no date.


Book text:

The Hecklers. Writ. & Ed.., Peter Desbarates & Terry Mosher. McClelland and Stewart Ltd., 1979: 100-101, 231, 240, 247.

Albéric Bourgeois caricaturiste, Éd., Léon-A Robidoux.  VLB Éditeur/ Ville Saint-Michel: Médiabec Inc., 1978.

“Père Ladébauche Le (Canada)”, Writ., Maurice Horn. The World Encyclopedia of Comic. Ed., Maurice Horn.New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1976: 547.

Periodical text & graphic:

“An Introduction to the Canadian Newspaper Comic.” Writ., Kenneth Barker. Inks: Cartoon & Comic Arts Studies, 4-2, May 1997: 18-25.

“Les aventures de Timothée” Kayak, 44, Sept. 2013: 17.


Archived Newspaper Strips of the 20th Century – Québecois.” Library & Archives Canada/Bibliothèque et Archives Canada. Accessed 3 Oct. 2017.