CANADA JACK

CANADA JACK

A character created by George Menendez Rae first appeared in Canadian Heroes 1- 5, March 1943 published by Educational Projects Inc. of Montreal. “Canada Jack” was probably inspired by the editorial cartoon character “Jack Canuck” originating the late nineteenth century (See JACK CANUCK).

“Canada Jack” was athletic, an excellent horseman, a gymnast and a jiu-jitsu expert all of which gave him more than enough talents to combat the enemies of Canada. His costume like most Canadian hero costumes of the time was simple and practical, in this case a tank top with a Maple Leaf and the words “Canada Jack” on the chest, and gym pants with the inevitable strip down the side. Apparently Halperin insisted that “Canada Jack” remain realistic in order to be in line with the company’s educational mandate. This injunction seemed hardly necessary as the majority of the creators of Canadian wartime heroes kept them quite realistic. One feature that made “Canada Jack” distinctive if not unique was that virtually all of his adventures occurred in Canada where he fought spies and saboteurs, arsonists and black marketers. Not all adventures involved combat. “Canada Jack” and the big show is a story of how to raise money for the war effort

He was assisted by group of fictional youngsters called the “Canada Jack Club”, which tied in quite closely with the real life “Canada Jack Club” for Canadian Heroes fans. See CANADA JACK CLUB.

As with many cartoon heroes, as the war ended, Rae apparently found it difficult to create a new roll for “Canada Jack”. Should he be an outdoors man or should he be a detective? Unfortunately Educational Projects ceased operations before this could be resolved.

In 2013, Bevan Thomas and the Cloudscape Comics Society of Vancouver created “Canada Jacques” or “Jacques De Canada” a homosexual hero. See CANADA JACQUES. They linked him to “Canada Jack” in a way that it is doubtful Rae would have approved. Although described in an appendix in Epic Canadiana v. 1, essentially in the way that Rae created him, the group added that he belonged to the “Allied Enigmas”, their creation, and that he was a homosexual who committed suicide when this characteristic was revealed. Also see JOHNNY CANUCK for information about how they linked that character into their universe.

Yet another “Jack” incarnation, this time called “Dominion Jack” was created by Jack Briglio and Ron Salas also in 2013. The name is different from “Canada Jack” but not as much as one might think. The original name for “Canada” was “The Dominion of Canada. Other aspects of “Dominion Jack remain consistent with “Canada Jack” For the full story see DOMINION JACK.

MEDIUM:

BOOK GRAPHIC ANTHOLOGY:

Content:

Character description:

“Canada Jack.” Epic Canadiana, v.1. Ed., Bevan Thomas. Cloudscape Comics Society, 2013: 125.

Serial:

“Canada Jaques: Hero Play.” Writ., Bevan Thomas. Illus.,Ksenia Kozhevnikova. Epic Canadiana, v.1. Ed., Bevan Thomas. Cloudscape Comics Society, 2013: 95-115.

PERIODICAL GRAPHIC ANTHOLOGY:

Serial:

“Our Fiction Feature: Canada Jack.” Car., George M. Rae. Canadian Heroes,
“….”1-6, Apr. 1943: 59-64.

“…in The Big Show.” 2-3, July 1943: 50-55. “Kidnapped.” 2-6, Oct. 1943: 53-58.

“…” 3-1, Nov./Dec. 1943: 50-55. “

“…Talk Means Trouble.” 3-4, March 1944: 37-41.

“…” 3-5, April 1944: 59-64.

“…” 3-6, May 1944: 49-53.

“… The Tough Guys.” 4-1, June 1944: 22-26.

“… Rehabilitation.” 4-2, July 1944: 33-37.

“… The Clean Up.” 4-6, January 1945: 41-45.

“. . . ‘’ 5-1, February 1945: 49-53

“. . . ” 5-3, June 1945: 54-58.

“…Treasure Hunt.” 5-5, September 1945: 39-43.

“Canada Jack.” Cart., Dez. Canadian Heroes, 5-4, July 1945: 38-42. One of the very few if not the only “Canada Jack” not done by George M. Rae.

SOURCE:

Book text:

“Canada Jack”, Guardians of the North: The National Superhero in Canadian Comic-Book Art, Writ., John Bell. National Archives of Canada, 1992: 13 – 17. A catalogue for the exhibit of the same name.

Newspaper:

“The Great Canadian Superhero.” Writ., Henry Mietkiewicz. Toronto Star, 1 Feb. 192: J1.

“Whatever Happened to …?” Writ., Peter Harris. Globe and Mail, 23 Oct.1982: Fanfare 7.

GALLERY:

C:\Users\Robert\Documents\CARTOONING ILLUSTRATION ANIMATION\IMAGE CARTOON\IMAGE CARTOON C\CANADA JACK, Canadian Heroes, 2-3, July 1943, 50.jpg

“The Big Show.” Car., George M. Rae. Canadian Heroes, 2-3, July 1943: 50.         Notice how this fictional story coincides with the suggestion in the “Canada Jack Club” that members could organize a circus to raise money for the war effort. It is a good example of how Educational Projects integrated the fictional “Canada Jack” with the real life “Canada Jack Club” and put both in service of the war effort.

C:\Users\Robert\Documents\CARTOONING ILLUSTRATION ANIMATION\IMAGE CARTOON\IMAGE CARTOON C\CANADA JACK, Canadian Heroes, 4-2, July 1944, 33.jpg

“Rehabilitation.” Car., George Rae. Canadian Heroes, 4-2, July 1944: 33.                      A example of how Educational Projects blended the fictional “Canada Jack” stories with the real life “Canada Jack Club.”

C:\Users\Robert\Documents\CARTOONING ILLUSTRATION ANIMATION\IMAGE CARTOON\IMAGE CARTOON C\CANADA JACK, Canadian Heroes, 4-6, Jan 1945, 45.jpg

“… The Clean Up.” Car., George M. Rae. Canadian Heroes, 4-6, January 1945: 45.

C:\Users\Robert\Documents\CARTOONING ILLUSTRATION ANIMATION\IMAGE CARTOON\IMAGE CARTOON C\CANADA JACK, Canadian Heroes, 5-3 June 1945, 58.jpg

“No title.” Cart., George M. Rae. Canadian Heroes, 5-3, June 1945: 58.              Perhaps the only story among the wartime cartoon stories that deals with art stolen by the Nazi.

C:\Users\Robert\Documents\CARTOONING ILLUSTRATION ANIMATION\IMAGE CARTOON\IMAGE CARTOON C\CANADA JACK, Canadian Heroes, 5-4, July 1945, 41.jpg

No title. Car., Dez. Canadian Heroes, 5-4, July 1945: 41.                                            One of the very few if not the only Canada Jack story not done by George M. Rae.

C:\Users\Robert\Documents\CARTOONING ILLUSTRATION ANIMATION\IMAGE CARTOON\IMAGE CARTOON C\CANADA JACK, Canadian Heroes, 5-5, Sept. 1945, 42.jpg

“Treasure Hunt.” Car., George M. Rae. Canadian Heroes, 5-5, September 1945: 42.

C:\Users\Robert\Documents\CARTOONING ILLUSTRATION ANIMATION\IMAGE CARTOON\IMAGE CARTOON C\CANADA JACK, Canadian Heroes, 5-5, Sept. 1945, 43.jpg

“Treasure Hunt.” Car., George M. Rae. Canadian Heroes, 5-5, September 1945: 43.  The three examples above show how the authors of “Canada Jack” were fluctuating between an outdoor character and a detective type character.