He was born in New Zealand in 1910. He established himself there and in Australia as an editorial cartoonist in the 1930’s. In the early 1940’s he was in Ottawa, working as a cartoonist for The Evening Citizen. He later became a war artist for the Royal Canadian Air Force.
The Hecklers. Writ. & Ed.., Peter Desbarates & Terry Mosher. McClelland & Stewart Ltd., 1979: 248.