Born 1831 in France, He worked in San Francisco U.S. from 1856 to 1868. In 1868 he was in Washington where he married a member of a visiting French opera company.
They moved to Montréal where from 1871 to 1873, he produced “…a magnificent portfolio of caricatures of Canadian politicians for the Canadian Illustrated News and l’Opinion Publique.” (240) These politicians were characterized as classical heroes. For example John A. Macdonald was portrayed as “The Many Counselled Ulysses”.
According to Desbarats he was the most accomplished caricaturist to work in Canada up to that time.
He returned to the United States and worked for several New York magazines. He died in St. Louis, U.S.A. apparently a suicide.
The Hecklers. Writ. & Ed.., Peter Desbarates & Terry Mosher. McClelland & Stewart Ltd., 1979: 43-44, 240.