He worked for Montréal’s La Patrie at the turn of the century. In 1904 a popular book entitled Le Balai was published containing his cartoons. These drawings dealt with the problems of the Conservatives gaining Quebec support snd contemporary parochial rivalries in Quebec.
The Hecklers. Writ. & Ed.., Peter Desbarates & Terry Mosher. McClelland and Stewart Ltd., 1979: 231.